Grace Notes - Online Training in Bible Teaching

History 200 - The Temple: Its Ministry and Services at the Time of Christ

by Alfred Edersheim
"It has been my wish in this book, to take the reader back nineteen centuries; to show him Jerusalem as it was, when our Lord passed through its streets, and the Sanctuary, when He taught in its porches and courts; to portray, not only the appearance and structure of the Temple, but to describe its ordinances and worshippers, the ministry of its priesthood, and the ritual of its services." Alfred Edersheim

Download the whole History 200 study as a single file: History 200 (PDF)

The lessons are distributed by email. To register for the certificate courses, write to Warren Doud.

History 201 Chapter 1--A First View of Jerusalem, and of the Temple
The Charm of Jerusalem; Ancient Memories; Origin of the Name; The Situation of Jerusalem; Mount of Olives; The Walls; Tower of Antonia; The Four Hills; High Priest's Palace; The Shushan Gate; The Temple Plateau; Fables of the Rabbis; Jerusalem in Ruins
History 202 Chapter 2--Within the Holy Place
The Royal Bridge; The Temple Porches; Court of the Gentiles; The "Beautiful" Gate; Court of the Women; The Chambers; The Court of Israel; The Altar; The Laver; The Great Stones; The Veil; Our Lord's Prediction
History 203 Chapter 3--Temple Order, Revenues, and Music
Second Temple Inferior in Glory; Lines of Sanctity; Rules of the Rabbis; Wilful Profanity; Its Penalties; Necessity for Discipline; The Tribute Money; Annual Sum of Tribute; Tribute Enforces by Law; How the Money was Spent; The Temple Hymnody; Instrumental Music; The Influence of David; The Harp and the Lute; The Flute; The Human Voice.
History 204 Chapter 4--The Officiating Priesthood
The Priesthood; The Number of Priests; Symbolism of the Priesthood / Mediation; Holiness; The Twenty-four Courses; The Courses After the Captivity; In the Temple of Herod; Duties of Priests and Levites; The Week's Service; These Functions not Sacerdotal; Training of Priests; Office Hereditary; Disqualifications for the Priesthood; The Investiture; The Dress of the High Priest; Allustions to the Dress in the New Testament; The Breastplate / Mitre / Phylacteries; The Fourteen Officers; Their Duties; Lower Officials; Sources of Support for the Priests
History 205 Chapter 5--Sacrifices: Their Order and their Meaning
Symbolism of the Sacrifices; Sacrifices the Center of the Old Testament; The Idea of Substitution; The Paschal Lamb; Bloody and Unbloody Offering; The Requisites of Sacrifice; The Creatures Appointed; The Eleven Sacrifices of the Rabbis; Holy and Less Holy; The Acts of Sacrifice; Laying on of Hands; Sacrifices Slain by the Priests Only; The Application of the Blood; The Flaying; The Burning; New Testament View of Sacrifice Agrees with the Synagogue; Jewish Liturgies; The Eve of Day of Atonement
History 206 Chapter 6--The Burnt-Offering, Sin- and Trespass-Offering, Peace-Offering
The Idea of Substitution; Christ our Substitute; Symbolism of the Burnt Offering; Symbolism of the Sin Offering; The Sin Offering Differed with the Rank of the Offeror; The Blood to be Sprinkled; Symbolism of the Trespass Offering; The Peace Offering; Meat Offerings; Large Number of Priests Needed
History 207 Chapter 7--At Night in the Temple
Allusions to the Temple in the New Testament; Night in the Temple; Change of Priests; The Farewell on the Sabbath; The Night Watches; The Rounds of the Captain; Casting Lots for the Services; The First Lot
History 208 Chapter 8--The Morning and the Evening Sacrifice
Public Prayer; Regulations of the Rabbis; Liturgical Forms; The Lord’s Prayer; Attitude in Prayer; The Two Elements in Prayer; Burning the Incense; Filling the Laver; Preparing the Altar; The Second Lot; The Slaying of the Lamb; The Altar of Incense and the Candlestick; Salting the Sacrifice; Prayer Before the Third Lot; The Lot for Incense; Offering the Incense; Imagery in the Apocalypse; Prayers With the Incense; The Blessing; The Temple Music; The Order of Psalms
History 209 Chapter 9--Sabbath in the Temple
The Law Not a Burden but a Gift; Later Perversion of the Sabbath; The Schools of Shammai and Hillel; Scripture Rules for the Sabbath; The Shewbread; The Table on the Arch of Titus; The Vessels of the Table; The Shewbread Itself; The Mode of Changing; The Symbolism of the Shewbread; The Courses on the Sabbath; The Sabbatical Year; Rabbinical Perversion of the Sabbatical Year
History 210 Chapter 10--Festive Cycles and Arrangement of the Calendar
The Number Seven; The Three Cycles; Three Annual Visits to the Temple; Difficulties of the Calendar; The New Moon; Seven Messengers of the New Moon; Names of the Hebrew Months; The Eras Used by the Jews; The Week
History 211 Chapter 11--The Passover
The Passover; Special Nature of the Passover; Origin of the Name; Institution of the Passover; Directions in the Mishnah; Scripture Records of the Feast; Later Celebrations; Preparations for the Passover; The Custom of Modern Days; The Three Things; Special Preparations; Time of Its Commencement; Choice of the Lamb; Slaying of the Lamb; The Hallel; Completion of the Sacrifice; Our Lord's Celebration of the Feast
History 212 Chapter 12--The Paschal Feast and the Lord's Supper
Jewish Traditions about the Passover; The Modern Ceremonies; Present Ritual Not the Same as the New Testament Times; The Roasting of the Lamb; Distinct From all Levitical Sacrifices; Guests of the Paschal Table; The Use of Wine; The Mishnah Account; The Giving Thanks; The First Cup; The Herbs; The Son's Question; The Dishes; The Breaking of the Bread; The Three Elements of the Feast; The Third Cup; The Supper in Our Lord's Time; Judas Iscariot; Out Lord's Agony
History 213 Chapter 13--The Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Day of Pentecost
The First Day of the Feast; The Day of Our Lord's Betrayal; The Arrest of Our Lord; The Darkness; The Sheaf of Firstfruits; The Morrow After the Sabbath; The Last Day of the Passover; Pentecost; The Two Wave Loaves; The Wave Loaves Were Leavened; The Later Significance of Pentecost
History 214 Chapter 14--The Feast of Tabernacles
The Names of the Feast; The Time of the Feast; The Three Chief Features of the Feast; The Booths; The Fruit and Palm Branches; The Offerings; Special Service at the Temple; The Music of the Feast; The Caily Circuit of the Altar; The References in John 7:37; The Man Born Blind; The Ceremonies in the Court of the Women; The Six Minor Days; The Pouring and Lighting - Post-Mosaic
History 215 Chapter 15--The New Moons. Trumpets, or New Year's Day
The New Moon; The Determination of the New Moon; The Blowing of Trumpets; The Sacrifices of the New Moon; Necessity for Distinguishing the Temple and Synagogue Use; A Prayer of the Third Century AD; The Moon of the Seventh Month; The Mishnah on New Year's Day; The Talmud on the New Year; New Year's Day in Jerusalem; The New Year's Blessings; The First Day of the Seventh Month
History 216 Chapter 16--The Day of Atonement
Weakness of the Law; The Day of Atonement; Its Names; The Teaching of Scripture About the Day; Numbers 29:7-11; The Duties of the High Priest; The Morning Service; The Sin Offering; Choosing the Scapegoat; The Goat Shown to the People; The Confession of Sin and the Sacrifice; The Mercy Seat; The Sprinkling of the Blood; The Cleansing Completed; The Goat Sent into the Wilderness; The Meaning of the Rite; The Teaching of Scripture; The Term "la Azazel"; The Carcasses Burnt "Outside the City"; The High Priest in Golden Garments; The Mishnah; The Day of Atonement in the Modern Synagogue
History 217 Chapter 17--Post-Mosaic Festivals
The Feast of Purim; Ceremonies of the Feast; The Feast of the Dedication of the Temple; The Origin of this Feast; The Feast of Wood Offering; The Wood Used in the Festivals; Fasts
History 218 Chapter 18--On Purification
The Red Heifer; The Offering for the Firstborn; Purification for the Dead; The Six Degrees of Defilement; Death the Greatest Defilement; Levitical Defilement Traceable to Death; The Scapegoat, the Red Heifer, and the Living Bird Dipped in Blood; These Sacrifices Defiled Those Who Took Part in Them; Significance of the Red Heifer; The Sacrifice of the Red Heifer; Children Used in the Offering; Purification of the Leper; Examination of the Leper; Meaning of Leviticus 13:12,13; The Mishnah; The Second Stage; Purification from Suspicion of Adultery; Regulations as Given in the Mishnah
History 219 Chapter 19 Vows. Offering of the First-Fruits. Songs of Ascent. Music
Vows; Man Can Only Vow His Own Things; Carelessness in Later Times; The Nazarite Vow; The Mishnah Regulations; Rabbinical Regulations; Offering the Firstfruits; The Biccurim and Terumoth; Biccurim in the Temple; Songs of Ascent; The Word "Firstfruits" in the New Testament